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People had to get by without the search engine giant before it was launched in 1998. But is it possible to live your life – and do your job – without it these days?
Anita le Roy set up Monmouth Coffee Company in 1978, and while other coffee shop operators have mutated into global chains, Monmouth has stuck to its knitting. It sources and roasts coffee from single farms, estates and cooperatives, which it sells to …
Retail has had three phases, according to Katelijn Quartier, who heads the Retail Design Laboratory at Hasselt University in Belgium. ‘In Retail 1.0, the manufacturer was in charge and no designer was needed. Retail 2.0 was a phase where the retailer was in charge but hired an architect or interior architect to design the store following the brand’s or retailer’s ideas,’ she wrote in Retail Design, Theoretical Perspectives (Routledge). We have entered ‘Retail 3.0, a time when the customer is more and more in charge… This asks for much more from a designer than to translate a retailer’s identity into a store design and goes beyond mere functionality and efficiency – even more so now that a commodification of products, brands and retail is occurring’.
So far the redevelopments at the Royal Academy have been quiet. The new architectural interventions are not radical. But sensitive spatial interventions are allowing for a slowly building programme of events, all in celebration of its 250th year, dubbed RA250.